Museum logo
Museum logo

Search Term Record

  • Email This Page
  • Send Feedback
Name Newash Ojibway
Details The Newash village was located in what is now known as Brooke, the northwest area of Owen Sound.
The Gother Mann map of Lake Huron has an "Indian encampment" noted in the vicinity of Newash in 1788. Bayfield's 1822 chart also notes a winter village "for the Indians" there.
Chief James Newash (Nawash) was a War Chief of the Western Tribes in the War of 1812. There is a photographic image showing him in later years.

George McDougall, a shipbuilder at Owen Sound, became a Methodist missionary, and helped at Newash village. His son, John McDougall, spent a lot of time there as a lad, and recalled in one of his books about how he got into a sap trough of maple sugar there once. The McDougalls later moved to what is now Alberta, when they continued their missionary work.

The "Indian Agent's" house in the 19th-century is now known as 344 23rd St. West.
The former Newash mission school building from the 1840s was 343 24th St. West.

There were burials in the area. 1857 maps show the position of the "Indian Graveyard".

The book, THE INDIAN CHIEF (1867), re David Sawyer, an Ojibwa/Anishnaabe man, originally from the Credit River area, describes some of the Ojibwa at Newash. Like William and Catharine Sutton, he had moved north from the Credit River Indian Mission to assist the Newash Band in the mid-1840s.

The Newash people were removed from the Newash Reserve in 1857, and had to relocate to Cape Croker. Treaty 82 (1857). Sometimes they would return to Brooke, to visit their former home. Although the spelling on old documents and maps shows "Newash", the preferred spelling now is "Nawash".

On July 1, 2017, the Gitche Namewikwedong Reconciliation Garden at Kelso Beach was dedicated. It is to be situated near the pedestrian bridge near the Pottawatomie River.
- - -
"Original Indian School in Brooke Still Stands, Now Used as a Residence", THE OWEN SOUND SUN-TIMES, Sat. Dec. 26, 1959.
1962.052.005 Indian Land Sale Grant to Wm McAvoy, Brooke, is dated Oct. 29 1862
1961.004.009 1857-1957 Centennial Booklet (Owen Sound), mentions the Newash School (p. 43).
1990.002.001 Map of the Town Reserve of Sydenham, by Charles Rankin, (pre-1857) has the Newash Village marked on it.
-Dunn, Scott, "Reconciliation Garden to Tell Often Forgotten Story" THE OWEN SOUND SUN TIMES, p. 1 and A3.
-Van Dusan, Conrad, THE INDIAN CHIEF (1867)

Associated Records

Image of 1956.015.022 - Sherd

1956.015.022 - Sherd

Clay sherd. Its rim area has diagonal scoring , then a row of diagonal scoring underneath that goes in the other direction. There are four rows of interrupted horizontal marks, then a row of punctation marks (about 14 of them), some threading, then a row of punctation.

Image of 1959.061.012 - Pouch

1959.061.012 - Pouch

Beaded floral First Nations (Ojibwa) pouch, 19th-c. This heavily beaded floral pouch has a rounded shape and is piped around the edge with red cloth. The body of the pouch is made of dark brown or black velvet, which is lined with dark brown linen. The beading is raised Iroquois-style, but has Ojibwa patterning, with floral motifs. There are three sizes of opaque white beads used, as well as teal/turquoise blue, darker blue, yellow, orange, dusty pink, red, silvery and amber-coloured beads. The flaps are edged with alternating horizontal and vertical large white beads. The pouch is beaded on both sides. There are flat brass sequins placed near the floral designs.

Image of 1973.023.001 - Scraper, Hide

1973.023.001 - Scraper, Hide

First Nations-made skinning stone tool. It was found at the Newash site (Newash Reserve area that is now a part of Owen Sound, Ontario, referred to as Brooke). It has a rough surface.

Image of 1987.009.003 - Plate, Decorative

1987.009.003 - Plate, Decorative

One white-coloured glazed china plate with gold rim and a dark-brown transfer-printed illustration (circular) which shows a scene of the First Nations encampment at Newash as illustrated by John Landen, a former Museum Curator. The back reads "22 K GOLD- CAN ART CHINA- COLLINGWOOD, ONT".

Image of 1987.009.004 - Plate, Decorative

1987.009.004 - Plate, Decorative

One bone coloured oblong china platter with gold rim and decal fired to plate centre which shows a round central scene of the Indian encampment at Newash as illustrated by John Landen, a former Museum Curator. The back reads "DECORATED IN CANADA- 22 K GOLD".

Image of 1993.033.001 - Bowl, Pipe

1993.033.001 - Bowl, Pipe

Ceramic effigy-style pipe bowl of a devilish character (Mephistopheles). The pipe bowl is made of a fine clay, and is molded in great detail. The character has pointed ears, and is wearing a neck ruff. This pipe bowl apparently had a miniature pipe for the character's mouth, but this is no longer extant. It once had painted colouration (red and black) but this has worn away over the years. There is no pipe stem with it anymore.