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Object ID # 1960.065.001abc
Object Name Clock, Mantel
Title Pequegnat Jewel Model Mantel Clock
Lexicon category 5: T&E For Science & Technology
Date c. 1913
Year Range from 1904.0
Artist The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Co.
Made The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Co.
Place of Origin Ontario
Description Mantel clock (a) from early 1900s (before 1914). Made in Berlin, Ontario (now Kitchener) by The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Co. Plain dark oak case. Gold bezel (called the "sash") around the dial. Serial number 13036, Style #1. Apparently purchased May 1, 1913. Key (b) and clapper / pendulum (c). This is the "Jewel" model from the Pequegnat company. It has Roman numerals and spade hands. Printed at the bottom of the dial in black is "The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Company, Berlin, Can." It has a winding key with it. The clock mechanism has an anchor escapement. There is an eight-day spring movement for these clocks, that strikes the hour with a gong, and the half hour with a bell. The back side of the clock has the operating instructions: "Made in Canada / Directions / This clock regulates from the face by using the smaller end of the key. To make run FASTER turn to the right and / SLOWER to the left. To get correct strike turn minute hand to 12 and back to figure 9: continue doing so until / proper hour is struck. Key and pendulum will be found tied or tacked on each clock".
Makers mark Printed at the bottom of the dial in black is "The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Company, Berlin, Can."
The back side has a maker's printed paper label affixed.
Provenance The clock was manufactured in Berlin (now Kitchener), Ontario, likely c. 1912-1913 (the model was first available in 1904). It seems to have been purchased by someone in May 1, 1913.

In 1960, this clock was given to the precursor museum that eventually sent its artifacts to the County of Grey-Owen Sound Museum in 1967. Unfortunately, the name of the donor, and the ownership history of the clock is no longer known.

During the First World War, patriotic fervour and anti-German sentiment contributed to the name change of Berlin, Ontario to Kitchener.

The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Company
There is an illustration of the "Jewel" model clock, like this one, in a reference book about the company. It was advertised as a "parlour clock" with an eight-day movement. They were 10 inches high and 12 and a half inches wide.
"It seems evident from an examination of the catalogues that the term "sash" as used by the Arthur Pequegnat Clock Co.. refers to the part of the clock holding the glass which is more commonly called a bezel. It also appears to include a narrow rim of metal extending beyond the dial. The sash of the clock used early in the Berlin period of manufacture (before 1916) was very ornate. The decorative design used on these sashes was the same with a few exceptions. The pattern used has become one of the identifying factors of the Arthur Pequegnat Clocks. It should be stated that at least one other ornate sash pattern was used and clocks are catalogued with this variant. The Jewel and Bijou models and occasionally the Colonial model are found with this rarer pattern on the sash.". [Varkaris]
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Varkaris, Jane & Costas, THE PEQUEGNAT STORY: THE FAMILY AND THE CLOCKS, 1982, pp. 78, 132.
Collection Horology, 20th-c Collection
Material Wood/Metal/Glass/Finish
Dimensions W-31.5 L-24 cm
Found Owen Sound, Grey County
Function A household timepiece, which the company advertised as a "parlour clock".