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Object Record

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Object ID # 1956.015.009
Object Name Pipe, Smoking
Title First Nations-Made 19th-Century Pipe
Lexicon category 3: Personal Artifacts
Date 19th-century
Made Unknown maker
Place of Origin Likely Grey County or Bruce County
Description Long-stemmed, First Nations wooden smoking pipe (ceremonial ?). It has a metal lining to the pipe bowl, so it is a post-contact item.
Makers mark None
Provenance First Nations-made pipe. Its maker and date are unknown. Previously it was owned by George Holmes, who was born at Owen Sound, Canada West in July of 1860. He later became a professional photographer. He also was a collector of First Nations items. He sometimes travelled to the Saugeen area, and also to the Thornbury area, in addition to working in the Owen Sound area. He died in 192-.

Next owned by Aubrey Holmes, who was the son of George Holmes & Mary (MacKey) Holmes. George Holmes was a son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Holmes. George's mother died in 1865 from smallpox, when he was five years of age. The Holmes family was related to the Steadman family. The Holmes family were previously located in Puslinch Township before they came to Grey County. Robert Holmes had a lime kiln at Holmes' Rock, along the Garafraxa Road (now 9th Avenue East near 6th Street East, Owen Sound, Grey County).
Collection First Nations, 19th-c Collection
Material Wood/Metal
Dimensions W-6.1 L-51 D-7.2 Dia-1.2 cm
Found Grey County or Bruce County?
People Holmes, Aubrey
Holmes, George
Subjects Tobacco pipes
Function An item used for smoking tobacco. It would likely be used by a male, as the Ojibwa (Anishnabe) women used smaller, shorter pipes.