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Object ID # 1959.007.001
Object Name Cutter
Title Mount Forest Carriage Co. Cutter
Lexicon category 7: Distribution & Transportation Artifact
Date Early 20th-century?
Artist Mount Forest Carriage Company
Made Mount Forest Carriage Co.
Place of Origin Mount Forest, Wellington County, Grey County
Description This MOUNT FOREST CARRIAGE CO. horse-drawn cutter has a black body and emerald green velvet upholstery on it's back, seat and wings with a cushion fall. Both the back and seat are tufted with metal buttons. The backrest has four rows of six buttons and the seat cushion has four rows of buttons (from back to front of cushion: five, six, five, five). The runners were probably originally painted red (remnants visible). The cutter has a painted red and gold logo in the centre interior dash (MFC Co) and a decal maker's mark on the back exterior of the seat for the Mount Forest Carriage Co. It also has its original yellow four-petaled floral details (painted) on the dash, back and wings. The seat cushion is removable and "176" is painted in yellow paint at the centre back of the wooden seat under behind the seat cushion, under the back upholstery. This is the model number or the number of cutters produced. The upholstery is stuffed with straw.
Makers mark Present on the back of the seat:
Provenance The previous owner, Mrs. Harold Barber, was a member of the Victory W. I. group and resided at RR#3, Durham, Grey County. She did not say who first owned this vehicle. Mount Forest is just below Grey County's boundary, but many people in Egremont Township went there for shopping, etc.

The Mount Forest Carriage company was established in ..... and ceased in ......? In 2009, a printed envelope was seen on the Internet that showed an illustration of the Mount Forest Carriage Co. It was a large, multi-storied factory. The envelope was postmarked June 10, 1909.
Collection Transportation, Land: Animal-Powered
Material Wood/Metal/Velvet/Paint
Dimensions H-45 W-42 L-78 inches
Found Durham, Municipality of West Grey, Grey County
Function A lightweight, open, horse-drawn sleigh, introduced to North America about 1800. It usually had a single seat that held two people, but some contained a second one, which could be removed or jumped out of the way when not in use, for two additional passengers, and some had a child's seat that folded out when needed. They have been made in many different styles, but most have gracefully curved runners and decoratively coloured bodies. Cutters are still used occasionally in winter as a form of recreational transport, most often in the northeastern United States and Canada.