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Object ID # 1956.015.007
Object Name Shillelagh
Title Shillelagh
Lexicon category 5: T&E For Science & Technology
Date 19th-century
Made Unknown
Place of Origin Ireland?
Description Wooden shillelagh (cudgel) that belonged to Robert McDowall.
Provenance It likely originally belonged to Robert McDowall's father or grandfather before he had it, as Robert McDowall was born in Canada West in 1864.

Mr. Aubrey Holmes, reported that this Irish shillelagh was given to his father, George Holmes of Owen Sound, Ontario, by Mr. Robert McDowall. Mr. R. C. McDowall (b. 1864-d. 1942) was a Civil Engineer and Provincial Land Surveyor in Grey County and Owen Sound, Grey County. Mr. McDowall and his family moved to Toronto in 1941 after he retired, but had lived in Owen Sound for a long time. He had built a prototype flying machine at Owen Sound. Another one of Mr. McDowall's interests must have been the military (one of his ancestors was in the British military). He served as a Colour Sergeant with No. 5 company of the 31st Grey Battalion.

George Holmes died in 192-. He was an Owen Sound photographer. Mr. Aubrey Holmes was the son of George Holmes & Mary (MacKey) Holmes. George Holmes (b. 1860) was a son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Holmes. George's mother died in 1865 from smallpox, when he was five years of age. The Holmes family was related to the Steadman family. The Holmes family were previously located in Puslinch Township before they came to Grey County. Robert Holmes had a lime kiln at Holmes' Rock, along the Garafraxa Road (now 9th Avenue East near 6th Street East, Owen Sound, Grey County).

Collection Personal Gear
Material Wood
Found Owen Sound, Grey County
People McDowall, Robert
Holmes, Aubrey
Holmes, George
Subjects Ireland
Function An stick typically made of blackthorn or oak and intended to be carried by a male, which could be used for personal defense. They were often carried by men in Ireland.