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Object Record

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Object ID # 1956.018.001
Object Name Fleam
Title G. GREGORY Fleam
Lexicon category 4: T&E For Materials
Date 19th-century
Made George Gregory, Lancet and Fleam Manufacturers
Place of Origin Derbyshire, England
Description G.GREGORY three-bladed fleam with brass cover. This fleam has a plain brass case, into which pivot three steel strips with mitre-shaped cutting blades. The blades graduate in size.
One blade's strip is impress-stamped with the manufacturer's name "G. GREGORY".
Makers mark Impress-stamped
Provenance This appears to be a 19th-century blood-letting tool. Mrs. Earl Levens told museum staff that it was used to bleed horses, but did not say on which farm it was used.

G. (George?) GREGORY
G. Gregory, Lancet and Fleam manufacturers, were listed in a Derbyshire, England source of 1857. It is unknown when they were established.
Triple-bladed fleams were still advertised in 1906 and 1911 hardware catalogues that were used in Ontario.
Collection Agricultural Tools & Equipment Collection
Material Brass/Steel
Dimensions W-2.6 L-7.5 D-0.6 cm
Found Grey County, Ontario
People Levens, Earl
Function A fleam is a type of veterinary lancet used for bleeding livestock (usually horses). It is a sharp-bladed item that punctures / cuts veins to cause bleeding.
Fleams like this were also used on humans by medical practitioners in the past.