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Object ID # 1962.033.010
Object Name Shell, Artillery
Title German-Made Shell Case (Sept. 1917)
Lexicon category 5: T&E For Science & Technology
Date 1917
Made Patronfabrik Karlsruhe?
Place of Origin Karlsruhe, Germany?
Description Brass munition artillery shell casing, stamped with a Sept. 1917 date. It is empty, so it is now a hollow, cylindrical object. The closed end is stamped with the maker's mark and the date. Other stamps present are "42" and "Sp255". There is also a stamped mark (circular with three triple rays coming from it). Is this a proof mark or a maker's identification mark? The diameter of the closed end is slightly larger than the open end. It is 17.5 cm in diameter. The closed end has the firing area centrally [would this be called a centre fire?]. This area is 1.5 cm in diameter. The center piece is stamped with 3 symbols: "Sb" "16" and something else. There are also 3 small notches.

Makers mark The closed end is stamped with the maker's mark and the date. Other stamps present are "42" and "Sp255". There is also a stamped mark (circular with three triple rays coming from it). Is this a proof mark or a maker's identification mark?
Provenance This is a souvenir of the First World War (1914-1918). It was likely made in Germany and it is dated September, 1917. Its maker's stamp is hard to decipher but looks like PAIRUNENFABRIK SRUHE. There is also a small motif impressed that looks like a circle with 3 triple rays coming from it. What company does this represent? Or is it a proof mark? This mark is likely for Patronenfabrik Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe is in southwest Germany).
The previous owner, Mildred Thompson, is descended from the Charles Howell family of Owen Sound, Grey County. In 1962, she resided at RR.#3, Chatsworth, Ontario (Sullivan Township). It is unknown how Mildred Thompson came into possession of this item.
Collection Military, 20th-c Collection
Material Brass
Dimensions L-72.5 Dia-15.5 cm
Found Sullivan Township (formerly), Township of Chatsworth, Grey County
People Thompson, Mildred
Subjects Arms & armament
World War I (First World War/The Great War)
Function Historical Note: Canadian soldiers often brought home brass shell casings so that the brass could be used for "trench art" style folk art commemorative pieces, or as war-time souvenirs. It is likely that this shell case (or casing) has a Patronfabrik Karlsruhe mark (hard to read now). More research is needed to determine the size of field gun that the Germans would use this sort of shell with.