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Object ID # 1982.060.042
Object Name Croze
Title Cooper's Croze Tool
Lexicon category 4: T&E For Materials
Made Unknown
Place of Origin Unknown
Description A cooper's croze plane made of wood and metal. It looks like a flat, semi-cicular plane with a cutting iron held in a box or guard which is held to the body with three screws with square nuts.
Provenance Maker unknown. Last owned by Victor Scheuermann (b. 1917 d. 1978). He had worked with his uncle William Scheuermann in the blacksmith shop at Lot 20, Concession 2, W.G.R., Bentinck Township, Grey County. William Scheuermann (b. April 5, 1885 d.1966) and Victor carried on the business.

William Scheuermann's father (Victor's grandfather) was George Scheuermann (b. April 1, 1849, d. 1911). He ran the family's blacksmith shop first and also operated a cooper's shop (cooperage). George Scheuermann was been born in Germany, and emigrated to Canada in 1868.

May have been owned/used by any of these men.
Collection Woodworking Tools and Equipment
Material Wood / Metal
Found Bentinck Township (formerly), Municipality of West Grey, Grey County
People Scheuermann, Victor
Scheuermann, George
Subjects Coopering
Function A hand tool used by a cooper to cut the croze (a groove round the inside the ends of a barrel or cask), into which the heads (lids) are fitted. The word "croze" refers to both the tool and the groove it makes. It is a form of plough plane often constructed on the lines of a giant carpenter's gauge. A narrow cutter (called the croze-iron), is mounted on a stem (called the post) which can be made to shift through a heavy semi-circular fence in which it is secured in any desired postion by means of a wedge. Thus the distance between the croze groove and the end of the staves can be varied. Croze sizes, like the chiv, follow cask sizes. the croze is cut after the ends of the staves have been levelled with a sun plane, and after the indsides of the stave ends have been smoothed by the chiv to make a level surface on which to cut the croze groove. In use, it is held in the same way as the chiv. A special saw (riddle saw) is used occassionally for cutting the croze, especially on single staves or in repair work.