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Object ID # 1959.019.005
Object Name Bannerstone
Title Banner Stone Collected by Frederick Birch
Lexicon category 10: Unclassifiable Artifacts
Date Pre-contact
Made First Nations stoneworker
Place of Origin Ontario
Description This is a First Nations-made banner stone, from the Fred Birch Collection.
The thorough hole would have been hand-drilled. Its slate stone has a greyish colouration. It is likely very old, perhaps from the Laurentian or Middle Archaic culture? See RELATED for other items collected by Mr. Birch. Bannerstones are now thought to have had some use in regards to providing atlatl weights for spears.
Provenance Collected by Frederick Birch (b. 1840-d. 1923) who was an amateur archaeologist living in Wodehouse, Euphrasia Township, Grey County, at the time. He collected First Nations artifacts in Euphrasia and nearby townships. It is not known what year he collected this artifact.

It has been suggested that this item that he collected may be from the Laurentian Culture.

Some of Birch's finds were noted in the ANNUAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL REPORT (1903), that was published in 1904. Mr. Birch was at Wodehouse (Grey County) at that time.
Collection First Nations, Archaeological Collection
Material Stone
Dimensions W-8.8 L-13.2 D-2.2 cm
Found Grey County, Ontario
People Birch, Frederick
Bowes, Frank
Subjects First Nations of Central Canada
Spears
Search Terms Euphrasia Township
Function Likely was an atlatl weight for a spear?