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Object Record

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Object ID # 1957.027.015
Object Name Coin
Title Token from 1822
Lexicon category 8: Communication Artifact
Date 1822
Made More research required
Description Large copper coin-like token (dated 1822). The token is coin-like, but its edge is not knurled.
One side has a full-length human figure illustrated, with a sword pointed to the ground at the left. There is some wording of a legend still visible: "SONS....D UND" and "1822".
The other side has a plough (plow) motif, above which is impressed "J. Falls". Some other wording is partially visible: "SPEP O ANADA R DENCE ET LA COEUR" [....and the Heart]
Makers mark "J. FALLS" ?
Provenance The token was found among the estate items of the late Mrs. Martha J. Urquhart (née Paterson) of Owen Sound, Ontario (d. 1939). Her father, Robert Paterson, had been a merchant (nicknamed "Bobby Cash"). Her mother, nee Anne Jane Foster, had been born in Toronto in 1826. As it is quite old, it is not known whether it was an heirloom of her family, or whether she just collected it. The 1932 Vernon's Directory of Owen Sound listed Martha J. Urquhart as a widow of Donald P. Urquhart, living then at 745 2nd Ave. West. Some other Urquharts are also listed. Donald P. Urquhart was an Owen Sound grocer. After 1939, it was kept by Margaret Melbourne Carrie (nee Kilbourn), whose mother had been a Paterson of Owen Sound (the wife of George Stirk Kilbourn).

The token is dated "1822", but has yet to be identified re its origin. Observation of token designs in various coin books has shown that ploughs were popular token motifs, but a match for this particular token was not found, nor an explanation of its legend and maker. Who was J. Falls? Was this a business? Was this token from Quebec?
Collection Currency Collection
Material Copper
Dimensions D-0.2 Dia-4.1 cm
Found Owen Sound, Grey County
People Paterson (Patterson), Robert "Bobby Cash"
Paterson (Patterson), Anne Jane
Urquhart, Donald P.
Urquhart, Martha J.
Carrie, Margaret
Subjects Coins
Tokens
Plows
Function Might be an early Canadian token?