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Object Record

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Object ID # 2005.021.002
Object Name Leader, Livestock
Title Ward & Payne Bull Snap for a Livestock Leader
Lexicon category 4: T&E For Materials
Date Early 20th-century
Artist Ward & Payne, Sheffield, England
Made Ward & Payne
Place of Origin Sheffield, England, United Kingdom
Description A swivelling "Bull Snap" , used for attaching a handle to a bull's nose ring, in order to move him where you want him to go. This bull snap is socketed to take a long wooden handle (no longer extant). There is a swivel part. Impress-stamped with "WARD & PAYNE SHEFFIELD".
Makers mark Impress-stamped
Provenance Manufactured in Sheffield, England by the Ward & Payne company. In the early 20th century, a lot of English-made hardware was still being retailed in Canada.

Provenance unknown. Paula Niall purchased it at a garage sale in Grey County.
Collection Agricultural Tools & Equipment Collection
Material Steel
Found Owen Sound, Grey County
People Niall, Paula
Function A bull leader was a device used to lead or control a bull. The snap would be attached to an existing ring in the nose of the bull. The rigid handle helped to keep a distance between the bull and the handler. The Alvin Sellers book, DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN HAND TOOLS: A PICTORIAL SYNOPSIS, p. 96, shows one with the handle attached. There were a couple of eyes along the shank of the wooden handle, with a wire that pulls the snap somehow.