|Object ID #||2005.021.002|
|Object Name||Leader, Livestock|
|Title||Ward & Payne Bull Snap for a Livestock Leader|
|Lexicon category||4: T&E For Materials|
|Artist||Ward & Payne, Sheffield, England|
|Made||Ward & Payne|
|Place of Origin||Sheffield, England, United Kingdom|
|Description||A swivelling "Bull Snap" , used for attaching a handle to a bull's nose ring, in order to move him where you want him to go. This bull snap is socketed to take a long wooden handle (no longer extant). There is a swivel part. Impress-stamped with "WARD & PAYNE SHEFFIELD".|
Manufactured in Sheffield, England by the Ward & Payne company. In the early 20th century, a lot of English-made hardware was still being retailed in Canada.
Provenance unknown. Paula Niall purchased it at a garage sale in Grey County.
|Collection||Agricultural Tools & Equipment Collection|
|Found||Owen Sound, Grey County|
|Function||A bull leader was a device used to lead or control a bull. The snap would be attached to an existing ring in the nose of the bull. The rigid handle helped to keep a distance between the bull and the handler. The Alvin Sellers book, DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN HAND TOOLS: A PICTORIAL SYNOPSIS, p. 96, shows one with the handle attached. There were a couple of eyes along the shank of the wooden handle, with a wire that pulls the snap somehow.|