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Object ID # 1966.010.001
Object Name Melodeon
Title 1846 Patent Prince & Co. Melodeon
Lexicon category 6: T&E For Communication
Date post 1846
Year Range from 1846
Year Range to 1900
Made Prince & Co., Buffalo, New York
Place of Origin Buffalo, New York, United States of America
Description PRINCE & CO. melodeon, 1846 patent. It is predominately a wooden item. It closes down to create a rectangular box-like top.
Provenance Someone noted that this is an "Improved Melodeon No. 16,296 Manufactured by Prince & Co. Patented Dec. 28, 1846".

The donor's representative reported that it was purchased on Feb. 16, 1856, by George Spencer. Mr. Spencer brought it to Owen Sound, Canada West.

It was last owned by Maud E. Ainslie, one of his grand-daughters (who lived in Leith, Owen Sound and Toronto). It was found amidst her estate items in Toronto in 1966.

Collection Musical Instruments & Accessories Collection
Material Wood/Stain/Varnish?/Shellac?/Brass
Dimensions H-29 W-37 D-17.5 inches
Found Grey County, Ontario/Toronto
People Spencer, George
Ainslie, Maude Emma
Subjects Musical instruments
Music rooms
Search Terms Victorian
Function A melodeon is a small reed organ with a five or six-octave keyboard, usually housed in a piano-like case. It produces its tones by drawing air in through suction. The air passes over metal reeds, activated by foot pedal bellows.