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Object Record

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Object ID # 1959.019.004
Object Name Drawing
Title First Nations Stone Tool
Lexicon category 10: Unclassifiable Artifacts
Artist Unknown
Made Unknown
Place of Origin Ontario
Description This is a First Nations-made or used stone item, perhaps from the Laurentian Culture?, that has an affixed hand-drawn French-related picture on it that was likely added in the 19th-century. The black-inked illustration has a crucifix superimposed over a First Nations war club. There is a large "5" on the display side of the stone (removed in 2015).
Provenance Collected by Frederick Birch (b. 1840-d. 1923) who was an amateur archaeologist living at Wodehouse, Euphrasia Township, Grey County, at the time. He collected First Nations artifacts in Euphrasia and nearby townships. It is not known what year he collected this tool.

It has been suggested that this item may be from the Laurentian Culture?

Some of Birch's finds were noted in the ANNUAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL REPORT (1903), that was published in 1904. Mr. Birch was at Wodehouse (a locale in Euphrasia Township) at that time. There is also more information about his archaeological work in the 1989 Euphrasia Township history book.
Collection First Nations, 19th-c Collection
Material Stone/Paper/Glue/Ink
Found Euphrasia Township (formerly), Municipality of Grey Highlands, Grey County
People Birch, Frederick
Subjects First Nations of Central Canada
Archaeology