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Object Record

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Object ID # 1959.061.012
Object Name Pouch
Other Name Whimsey, Beaded
Title Beaded Pouch (Ojibwa / Anishnaabe)
Lexicon category 3: Personal Artifacts
Date Early to mid-1850s?
Year Range from 1830
Year Range to 1860
Made Unknown
Place of Origin Newash Reserve/Brookeholm, Owen Sound and Township of Georgian Bluffs, Grey County
Description Beaded floral First Nations (Ojibwa) pouch, 19th-c. This heavily beaded floral pouch has a rounded shape and is piped around the edge with red cloth. The body of the pouch is made of dark brown or black velvet, which is lined with dark brown linen. The beading is raised Iroquois-style, but has Ojibwa patterning, with floral motifs. There are three sizes of opaque white beads used, as well as teal/turquoise blue, darker blue, yellow, orange, dusty pink, red, silvery and amber-coloured beads. The flaps are edged with alternating horizontal and vertical large white beads. The pouch is beaded on both sides. There are flat brass sequins placed near the floral designs.
Provenance Likely made by a First Nation (Ojibwa) woman.
The previous owner, Mary McLean (b. 1878), reported that her mother, Elizabeth McLean (nee Blyth), purchased the pouch from someone at Newash, but did not say which year or for how much. The Newash Band (Nawash Band) of the Ojibwa had a village in the 1840s and early 1850s at what is now called "Brooke" (Brookholme, now located in the northwest area of Owen Sound, Grey County). For a while, a number of Nawash people resided at the Newash Reserve, as it was called on maps, and there was a Methodist mission established there to assist them. The Peter Jones Treaty of 1857 relocated the Nawash Band to Cape Croker (Neyaashiinigmiing), and the Newash Reserve land was surveyed into town lots for settlement, so this pouch is likely dates from the early to mid-1850's.

Elizabeth McLean was formerly Elizabeth Blyth (b. June 4, 1838-d. Jan. 13, 1921). She was born in Cincinnati. She arrived in Owen Sound as a child in 1846. Her father was a tailor. She married Scottish-born John McLean (b. 1816-d. 1900) in the early 1860's. They lived at what is now 1663 5th Ave. East, Owen Sound, Grey County.
Collection First Nations, 19th-c Collection
Material Velvet/Bead, Glass/Cloth/Sequin/Thread/Dye
Dimensions W-5.512 L-5.906 inches
Found Owen Sound, Grey County
People McLean, John
McLean, Elizabeth
McLean, Mary A.
Subjects Beads
First Nations of Central Canada
Search Terms Newash Ojibway
Brookeholm (Brooke)
Ojibwa (Anishnaabe, Anishnibeg)