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Object ID # 1959.019.007ab
Object Name Sherd
Title First Nations Pipe Sherds
Lexicon category 10: Unclassifiable Artifacts
Date Pre-contact
Made Unknown
Place of Origin Ontario
Description These are two First Nations-made clay smoking pipe sherds (shards), that are a light-brown in colour. The stem piece is about 5.5 cm long. It has a plain bit. Its shank has tiny, diagonal notches, and two grooves also decorate it. The bowl area is squarish at the top with slightly-impressed lines on each side. The corners each have a vertical notch decorating them. See RELATED for other archaeological items collected by Fred Birch. It is believed that such pipes were made by wrapping a bent twig with clay. During its firing, the wood would burn away, leaving a hollow pipestem inside the pipe. This pipe dates from the late period of Ontario Iroquoian artefacts (prior to European contact).
Provenance Collected by Frederick Birch (b. 1840-d. 1923) who was an amateur archaeologist living in Wodehouse, Euphrasia Township, Grey County, at the time. He collected First Nations artifacts in Euphrasia and nearby townships. It is unknown what year he collected this artifact.

Some of Birch's finds were noted in the ANNUAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL REPORT (1903), that was published in 1904. Mr. Birch was in Wodehouse at that time.

Would this pipe be from the Neutral-Erie Iroquoian Culture? A similarly-shaped and decorated pipe is shown in J. V. Wright's book, ONTARIO PREHISTORY: AN ELEVEN-THOUSAND YEAR ARCHAEOLOGICAL OUTLINE, 1972, p. 85 (see diagram 1 chronology chart as well).

Archaeologist Dr. Peter Storck had a look at it in 2003 and said that it would be from the later period of the Ontario Iroquoians (prior to European contact).
Collection First Nations, Archaeological Collection
Material Clay
Found Grey County, Ontario
People Birch, Frederick
Subjects First Nations of Central Canada
Tobacco
Tobacco pipes
Smoking
Archaeology
Search Terms Euphrasia Township
Wodehouse
Function Remnants of a broken smoking pipe